The Set-Point Theory

Updated: 6 days ago


Welcome to the science posts which are designed to help provide some foundational information and understanding of how our bodies function, and how implementing The Livy Method optimizes our health, wellness, and mindfulness, by providing an environment where our bodies no longer feel the need to store fat!


We will begin this journey by discussing the Set-Point Theory and other theories of weight loss that might help us explain how The Livy Method works, and why it is different from other diets that involve deprivation and calorie restriction. Let’s dive into this!!


The history of dieting


It may be assumed by some that obesity and dieting is a concern of more recent times. But upon delving deeper into this subject matter, it is interesting to note that the concept of dieting or “slimming” has been around for centuries. The Ancient Greeks and Romans already understood that food and physical exercise influence our health and our weight. The Greek word ‘diatia’ (from which the word ‘diet’ is derived) referred to a whole way of living focused on self-control and eating in moderation. Interestingly, the first best selling diet book was written in 1474 by the Italian humanist Bartolomeo Sacchi, aka Il Platina. Advances in printing techniques meant that his De honesta voluptate e valetudine was read throughout Europe, and high society became obsessed with his recommendations regarding the relationship between gastronomic pleasure (voluptate) and health (valetudine).


Throughout the ages, humans have been in pursuit of fitting the criteria of what was deemed beautiful or accepted by the society they lived in. For many cultures, and in different eras, being thin has been one of the main measures of beauty. Although this can be problematic for so many different reasons, there is a distinction that needs to be made between weight loss and overall health, as opposed to seeking it to fit societal norms.


Hippocrates, who is considered the founder of medicine born in 460 BC, was one of the first to document the association between weight and health with the statement, “Those by nature overweight, die earlier than the slim”. Today we know that obesity-related conditions which include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer, are among the leading causes of preventable, premature death.


Many health issues can be preventable by some degree of weight loss. From the ancient Greeks to current day, many of us have had some struggle with our weight and have likely tried many different diets in order to lose and gain the same weight, many times. There needs to be options for those that are looking to lose weight in a healthy, sustainable way! This is why The Livy Method is designed with overall health in mind, which includes not only a physical focus, but includes the mental, emotional, and for some even their spiritual health. Let’s talk more about the impact of obesity on health and why one might consider trying to lose weight.


What are some health risks of being overweight and obese?


Type 2 diabetes


Type 2 diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose (or blood sugar), is too high. Your body cannot make enough insulin (a hormone that helps control the amount of glucose or sugar in your blood), or does not properly use the insulin it makes. Diabetes Canada (2022) reports that Type 2 diabetes is caused by several different risk factors and accounts for 90% of diabetes cases in Canada! According to the NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2018) About 8 out of 10 people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or have obesity. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to issues such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye problems, nerve damage, and other health problems.


If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight and participating in regular physical activity may prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. (NIDDK, 2018) There is more discussion regarding the precursor to diabetes in the science post Hormones Important to Weight Loss & Digestion Part 1-Insulin, so check it out for more details!


High blood pressure


High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is a condition in which blood flows through your blood vessels with a force greater than normal. High blood pressure can strain your heart, damage blood vessels, and increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and even death. Being overweight and obese may raise your risk for high blood pressure.


Heart disease


Heart disease is a general term used to describe several problems that may affect your heart, such as those that have suffered a heart attack, heart failure, angina, an abnormal heart rhythm (also called arrhythmia), or sudden cardiac death.


High blood pressure, abnormal levels of blood fats (blood lipids), and high blood glucose levels may increase your risk for heart disease. Blood lipids include HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. See the science post on The Science of Fat and Fat Loss for a more detailed description of fats in the body!


According to the NIDDK (2018, February) losing 5 to 10 percent of your weight may lower your risk factors for developing heart disease. Weight loss may improve blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood flow in the body.


Stroke


Stroke is a condition in which a blockage or the bursting of a blood vessel in your brain or neck, prevents blood flow from getting to the brain. A stroke can damage brain tissue, affecting your ability to speak or move parts of your body. According to the NIDDK (2018, February) High blood pressure is the leading cause of strokes. As discussed above, even a 5-10% reduction in weight can improve blood pressure, which could decrease the risk of stroke.


Sleep apnea


Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which your breathing can be affected while sleeping. Sleep apnea may present as irregular breathing patterns, or where your breathing stops (apnea) altogether for short periods of time. According to Jonathan Jun, M.D., (Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022) a pulmonary and sleep medicine specialist at the Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Centre, sleep apnea happens when upper airway muscles relax during sleep and pinch off the airway, which prevents you from getting enough air. Your breathing may pause for 10 seconds or more at a time, until your reflexes kick in and you start breathing again. This results in decreased oxygen to the body and vital organs. If left untreated, sleep apnea may raise your risk of other health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.


Jun discusses that sleep apnea occurs in about 3 percent of normal weight individuals but affects over 20 percent of people with obesity. In general, sleep apnea affects men more than women. However, sleep apnea rates increase sharply in women after menopause.


There are two kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea happens when air can’t flow into or out of the nose or mouth, although you’re trying to breathe. Central sleep apnea happens when the brain fails to send the right signals to your muscles to make you start breathing. (This type is less common.)


Symptoms of sleep apnea can manifest in the following ways:


  • Pauses in breathing, or snoring (both of which may be noticed by a partner). Snoring is the sound caused by the vibration created by airway resistance. Snoring can be caused by the relaxing of the airway as described above, so snoring as an isolated symptom does not mean you have sleep apnea. Also, you may have sleep apnea, without much snoring, so if you suspect sleep apnea may be an issue for you, further testing may be necessary.

  • Unexplained fatigue and mood swings due to the prevention of settling into the deep stages of restorative sleep. This may lead to increased tiredness and grogginess resulting in decreased productivity, impacting focus and attention. This can also result in dire consequences if one participates in activities that require attention such as driving a car, or operating machinery.

  • Waking up with a dry mouth, as those with sleep apnea tend to breathe with their mouths wide open. This leads to the saliva in their mouths drying out.

  • Headaches upon waking, which may be caused by low circulating blood oxygen or high carbon dioxide levels during sleep due to inadequate breathing.

Although one can have sleep apnea independent of being overweight, evidence suggests a link between sleep apnea and diabetes, as sleep apnea can cause an increase in blood sugar levels.

For those who are overweight or obese, weight loss is key for treating or avoiding sleep apnea. People who accumulate fat in the neck, tongue and upper belly are especially vulnerable to getting sleep apnea. This weight reduces the diameter of the throat and pushes against the lungs, contributing to airway collapse during sleep.


Metabolic syndrome


Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that put you at risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke, and is related to obesity. These conditions include high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels (pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes), high triglyceride levels in your blood, low levels of HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) in your blood, and the accumulation of fat around the abdomen.


As discussed in the science post Hormones Important to Weight Loss & Digestion Part 1-Insulin, experts believe obesity, especially too much fat in the abdomen and around the organs (called visceral fat) is a main cause of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance may lead to pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. A lack of physical activity may also be a factor.


Insulin resistance is when cells in your muscles, fat, and liver don’t respond well to insulin and are not able to easily take up glucose from your blood. As a result, your pancreas increases the production of insulin to help glucose enter your cells, a condition called hyperinsulinemia.


However, as long as your pancreas can produce enough insulin to overcome your cells’ weak response to insulin, your blood glucose levels should stay in the healthy range.


Having a waist measurement of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women is linked to insulin resistance. This is true even if your body mass index (BMI) falls within the normal range. However, research has shown that Asian Americans may have an increased risk for insulin resistance even without a high BMI. (The discussion of BMI is used in reference to this study, although the concept of BMI is problematic as a measure of obesity).


Studies have also shown that belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can contribute to chronic, or long-lasting, inflammation in the body. Inflammation may play a role in insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Since excess weight may lead to insulin resistance, this also is a contributing factor in the development of fatty liver disease.


Fatty liver diseases


Fatty liver diseases are conditions in which fat accumulates in the liver that can, over time, affect liver function and cause liver injury. Fatty liver diseases include non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Fatty liver diseases may lead to severe liver damage, cirrhosis (late-stage scarring or fibrosis of the liver), or even liver failure.


People who drink too much alcohol may also have fat in their liver, but that condition is different from fatty liver disease.


There are 2 types of fatty liver disease. If you just have fat accumulation but no damage to your liver, the disease is called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). If you have fat accumulation in your liver plus signs of inflammation and liver cell damage, the disease is called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, about 10% to 20% of Americans have NAFLD and about 2% to 5% have NASH.


Fatty liver disease is sometimes called a silent liver disease because it can occur without causing any symptoms. Most people with NAFLD live with fat in their liver without ever developing liver damage, whereas a few people develop NASH. Symptoms of Nash may take years to develop, and can potentially cause cirrhosis. Symptoms from NASH may include severe tiredness, weakness, weight loss, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), spider-like blood vessels on the skin, and long-lasting itching.


NASH that turns into cirrhosis could cause symptoms like fluid retention, internal bleeding, muscle wasting, and confusion. People with cirrhosis over time may develop liver failure and need a liver transplant.


The exact cause of fatty liver disease is unknown, but it is thought that obesity is the most common cause. Obesity in the U.S. has doubled in the last decade, and health care providers are seeing a steady rise in fatty liver disease. Although children and young adults can get fatty liver disease, it is most common in middle age.


Risk factors include:

  • Being overweight

  • Having high blood fat levels, either triglycerides or LDL (“bad”) cholesterol

  • Having diabetes or prediabetes

  • Having high blood pressure

Fatty liver disease can happen without causing any symptoms. It’s usually diagnosed when you have routine blood tests to check your liver. Your health care provider may suspect fatty liver disease with abnormal test results, especially if you are obese.


If you have NAFLD without any other medical problems, making some lifestyle changes can control or reverse the fat buildup in your liver. However, you will want to work alongside your healthcare provider (HCP) as you work through this process.


This may include:

  • Losing weight (losing just 3-5% of your weight can decrease the amount of fat in your liver)

  • Exercise

  • Lowering your cholesterol and triglycerides

  • Controlling your diabetes

  • Avoiding alcohol

  • Check out the Science Post on detox! It has many great suggestions on how to support your liver.

Osteoarthritis


Osteoarthritis is a common, long-lasting health problem that causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in your joints. Being overweight or having obesity may raise your risk of getting osteoarthritis by putting extra pressure on your joints and cartilage.


According to the Arthritis Foundation in the US (2022, May), maintaining a healthy weight can ease the pain of arthritis and help your medicines work better. The CDC also reports that 31% of obese Americans have doctor-diagnosed arthritis.


Here are some reasons that the Arthritis Foundation suggest why reaching and maintaining a healthy weight can help ease your arthritis:


Reduce pressure on your joints


A key study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism of overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA) found that losing one pound of weight resulted in four pounds of pressure being removed from the knees. In other words, losing just 10 pounds would relieve 40 pounds of pressure from your knees! This is so impactful when you really think about what weight loss means for the joints in your body. Even a small amount of weight loss can make a big difference on your joints.


Ease pain


Multiple studies show that losing weight results in arthritis pain relief. A 2018 study published in Arthritis Care and Research went further to find that losing more weight – to an extent -- results in more pain relief. The study of overweight and obese older adults with pain from knee OA, found that greater weight loss resulted in better outcomes than losing a smaller amount of weight. Losing 10–20 percent of starting body weight improved pain, function, and quality of life better than losing just five percent of body weight.


Reduce inflammation


The tissue fat itself is an active tissue that creates and releases pro-inflammatory chemicals. By reducing fat stores in the body, your body’s overall inflammation will go down. An article published in 2018 explained that obesity can activate and sustain body-wide low-grade inflammation. This inflammation can amplify and aggravate autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus and their associated comorbidities (like heart disease).


Reduce disease activity


Losing weight can reduce the overall severity of your arthritis. A 2018 study reviewed the records of 171 RA (rheumatoid arthritis) patients and found that overweight or obese people who lost at least 5 kg (10.2 pounds) were three times as likely to have improved disease activity compared to those who did not lose weight. A smaller 2019 study found that short-term weight loss in obese people with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) yielded

“significant positive effects” on disease activity in joints, entheses (an enthesis is the site of attachment of tendon, ligament, fascia, or capsule to bone), and skin.


Improve chance of remission.


Several studies have shown that being obese reduces your chance of achieving minimal disease activity or remission if you have RA or PsA. A 2017 review article analyzed data from more than 3,000 people with RA and found that obese patients had lower odds of achieving and sustaining remission compared with non-obese people. A 2018 article analyzed several studies totaling more than 3,800 patient records. The authors found that obesity “hampered the effects of anti-TNF agents” and showed that the odds of reaching a good response or achieving remission were lower in obese than non-obese patients taking anti-TNF medications. TNF or tumour necrosis factor is a protein that is produced by the body that causes inflammation. In healthy individuals TNF is blocked naturally, but is elevated in the blood of those with rheumatic conditions (rheumatology.org, 2022). These medications help inhibit TNF in order to reduce inflammation.


Lower uric acid levels and chance of gout attack.


Gout is a common form of inflammatory arthritis that is very painful. It usually affects one joint at a time (often the big toe joint). There are times when symptoms get worse, known as flares, and times when there are no symptoms, known as remission. Repeated bouts of gout can lead to gouty arthritis, a worsening form of arthritis. Gout is caused by a condition known as hyperuricemia, where there is too much uric acid in the body. The body makes uric acid when it breaks down purines, which are found in your body and the foods you eat. When there is too much uric acid in the body, uric acid crystals (monosodium urate) can build up in joints, fluids, and tissues within the body. Hyperuricemia does not always cause gout, and hyperuricemia without gout symptoms does not necessarily need to be treated.


A 2017 analysis of 10 studies found that weight loss was beneficial for obese or overweight people with gout. Overall, people who lost weight had lower serum uric acid levels and fewer gout attacks.


The following make it more likely that you will develop hyperuricemia, which can cause gout:

  • Being male

  • Being obese

  • Having certain health conditions, including: Congestive heart failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, poor kidney function

  • Using certain medications, such as diuretics (water pills).

  • Drinking alcohol. The risk of gout is greater as alcohol intake goes up.

  • Eating or drinking food and drinks high in fructose (a type of sugar).

  • Having a diet high in purines, which the body breaks down into uric acid. Purine-rich foods include red meat, organ meat, and some kinds of seafood, such as anchovies, sardines, mussels, scallops, trout, and tuna.

Slows cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis


A 2017 study assessed magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of osteoarthritic knees in 640 overweight or obese people. Participants who lost weight over 4 years showed significantly lower cartilage deterioration. The more weight lost, the lower the rate of disease progression.


Gallbladder diseases


According to the NIDDK (2017, November) being overweight or having obesity may make you more likely to develop gallstones, especially if you are a woman. Researchers have found that people who have obesity may have higher levels of cholesterol in their bile, which can cause gallstones.


People who have obesity may also have large gallbladders that do not work well. Some studies have shown that people who carry large amounts of fat around their waist may be more likely to develop gallstones than those who carry fat around their hips and thighs.


Losing weight very quickly may raise your chances of forming gallstones. When you don’t eat for a long period of time (fasting) or you lose weight too quickly, your liver releases extra cholesterol into the bile. Fast weight loss (associated with very low-calorie diets) can also prevent the gallbladder from emptying properly. Weight-loss surgery may lead to fast weight loss and higher risk of gallstones.


Weight cycling, or losing and regaining weight repeatedly, may also lead to gallstones. The more weight you lose and regain during a cycle, the greater your chances of developing gallstones.

Your chances of developing gallstones may depend on the type of weight-loss treatment you choose. A program like The Livy Method that supports the body, and helps people lose weight in a healthy way, is a good option when trying to lose weight.


Regular physical activity, which will improve your overall health, may also lower your chances of developing gallstones.


To improve health or prevent weight gain, aim for at least 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity physical activity, like brisk walking or fast dancing. Also, muscle-strengthening activity, like lifting weights or using your own body weight (calisthenics) can be beneficial. The science post Issues of Digestion, discusses the gallbladder in further detail and options for those that have had it removed. Check it out for further details!


Some cancers


Cancer is a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Overweight and obesity may raise your risk of developing certain types of cancers.


Kidney disease


Kidney disease is a generic term that means there is damage to the kidneys and they are not able filter blood of wastes like they should. This is a vital process for the body. Obesity raises the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure, the most common causes of kidney disease. Even if you do not have diabetes or high blood pressure, obesity itself may promote kidney disease and quicken its progression.


Pregnancy problems


Overweight and obesity raise the risk of health issues that may occur during pregnancy. Pregnant women who are overweight or obese may have a greater chance of:

  • Developing gestational diabetes.

  • Having pre-eclampsia, which presents initially as high blood pressure during pregnancy and can cause severe health problems for the mother and baby if left untreated.

  • The need for a Caesarean section (C-section) which can come with increased risks, and a longer recovery after giving birth.

Overweight and obesity are also associated with mental health problems such as depression. People who deal with overweight and obesity may also experience the stigma of weight bias from others, including health care providers. This can lead to feelings of rejection, shame, or guilt, further worsening mental health.


The rise of obesity in the world


According to the World Health Organization (WHO), being overweight or obese is defined as having “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health”. Although the BMI can be a problematic assessment of obesity, it is still widely used in order to categorize a person’s weight. As per the WHO, a body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese. A report from the global burden of disease describes that this issue has grown to epidemic proportions, with over 4 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese in 2017.


The estimated annual medical costs related to obesity in the United States was nearly $173 billion in 2019. The medical costs for adults who were diagnosed with obesity were $1,861 higher than medical costs for people with a healthy weight.


In the US, the CDC discussed in their most recent report from 2017-2020, that the prevalence of obesity was 41.9%. They also report that from 1999 –2000 through 2017 –March 2020, that the prevalence of obesity had increased from 30.5% to 41.9% and the prevalence of severe obesity increased from 4.7% to 9.2% in this same time frame.


According to the Government of Canada, statistics gathered from the Canadian Risk Factor Atlas (CRFA) using pooled data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2015-2018 determined that:

  • About 1 in 4 Canadian adults (26.6%) are currently living with obesity.

  • Obesity rates in Canadian adults are higher in men compared to women (28.0% versus 24.7%).

In Canada, a health report released on October 20, 2021 from Statistics Canada, found that chronic diseases account for 89% of all deaths and more than $80 billion in annual health care costs. Adopting healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as healthy eating, has the potential to prevent 80% of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, 40% of cancers, and other chronic diseases. Despite healthy eating recommendations issued by Health Canada, eating habits continue to deteriorate, and overweight prevalence rates continue to increase!


Rates of those that are overweight and obese continue to grow in adults and children. From 1975 to 2016, the prevalence of overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 5–19 years increased more than four times from 4% to 18% globally.


The WHO describes obesity as one side of the double burden of malnutrition and states that today more people are obese than underweight in every region except sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Once considered a problem only in high-income countries, being overweight and obese is now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. The vast majority of overweight or obese children live in developing countries, where the rate of increase has been more than 30% higher than that of developed countries. This can be attributed to the lower cost of calorie dense, but nutrient poor foods that are widely available all over the world. Decreased physical activity is also a factor.


Interestingly in Canada though, the rate of obesity is higher for adults living in rural areas compared with those living in urban areas, regardless if one identifies with being male or female. Living in an urban setting is defined as living in areas with a high-density concentration of population (i.e. areas with a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of at least 400 persons per km2). Living in a rural setting is defined as all areas outside urban areas, or embedded in urban areas.

  • In rural areas, about 1 in 3 Canadian adults are living with obesity (31.4%).

  • In urban areas, about 1 in 4 Canadian adults are living with obesity (25.6%)

This means that there are on average 5.8 more cases of obesity per 100 adults living in rural areas compared with urban areas. *Note: Not all provinces or Territories show higher rates of obesity in rural compared to urban areas.


Check out https://health-infobase.canada.ca/datalab/canadian-risk-factor-atlas-obesity-blog.html?=undefined&wbdisable=true for more details on the Canadian demographics!


Obesity affects some groups more than others


According to the CDC, in the US Non-Hispanic Black adults (49.9%) had the highest age-adjusted prevalence of obesity, followed by Hispanic adults (45.6%), non-Hispanic White adults (41.4%) and non-Hispanic Asian adults (16.1%). The prevalence of obesity was noted to be 39.8% among adults aged 20 to 39 years, 44.3% among adults aged 40 to 59 years, and 41.5% among adults aged 60 and older.


In the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) it is discussed that the association between obesity and income or educational level is complex and differs by sex and race/ethnicity. It was found that:

  • In the US overall, men and women with college degrees had lower obesity prevalence compared with those with less education.

  • This same obesity and education pattern occurred among non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic women, and non-Hispanic White men. However, the differences were not all statistically significant. Although the difference was not statistically significant among non-Hispanic Black men, obesity prevalence increased with increased education.

  • No differences in obesity prevalence by education level were noted among non-Hispanic Asian women and men and Hispanic men.

Socio-economic impacts on obesity


In the MMWR report, it was noted that the prevalence of obesity was lower in the lowest and highest income groups compared with the middle-income group. Researchers observed this same pattern among non-Hispanic White and Hispanic men. However, the prevalence of obesity was higher in the highest income group than in the lowest income group among non-Hispanic Black men. This can be attributed to how socio-economic and culture influence food choices, and lifestyle. In many cases those with more education, tend to have access to healthier food choices, and tend to be more active. Although interestingly in some cultures, greater affluence leads to more indulgent choices and activities leading to obesity (PRB, 2013).


Historically, urbanization was considered one of the most important drivers of the rise in obesity in industrialized countries. However, in Canada, it has been more recently shown that the urbanization of rural life has contributed to a larger increase in rural obesity.


This change in the geographic distribution of obesity can be partly explained by the growing economic and social disadvantage that rural communities experience compared to urban cities. In particular, rural communities experience lower education and income, lower availability of healthy and fresh foods at a reasonable cost, less access to public transportation, and lack of supportive environments to promote walkability, sports and recreational activities.


In Canada overall, adult obesity is more prevalent among disadvantaged population groups such as those unemployed or with lower household income and education levels.


Recent global trends show that the prevalence of obesity is rising faster among people living in rural areas than those living in urban areas. When looking at cities in Canada

  • The lowest rates of adult obesity were observed in the largest urban census metropolitan areas.

  • In general, obesity rates in adults tend to be higher in smaller cities.

  • Although adult obesity rates in the territories are among the highest in Canada, there were no urban-rural disparities.

  • In Canada overall, adult obesity is more prevalent among disadvantaged population groups such as those unemployed or with lower household income and education levels.

Having access and understanding this data on how obesity rates in rural and urban populations is changing, as well as the socio-economic and cultural demographics, may assist policy-makers and local communities to target policies, programs and services aiming to promote healthy weight appropriately. This is where implementing a program like The Livy Method, and access to healthy food and activity could incite real change!


The Livy Method


To understand weight loss better, it’s important to understand the problem of obesity and the impact it is having on society. After looking at these statistics, one thing is very clear, the way we approach our health at a global level needs to change. A big part of this would be having access to real nutritious food, clean water and sanitation, housing, fresh air, and feeling physically and psychologically safe amongst many other things. The other factor is understanding how the issue of obesity impacts our health, along with our food and lifestyle choices.


As you can now see The Livy Method is VERY different from many of the diets and weight loss methods that are out there or you may have experienced. The diet and food industry are a profit driven industry, with a focus on sales and retaining consumers. At WLBG, some of the core missions are to help people change their lives by improving their health, their relationship with food, the quality of food that they eat and the way in which they eat it, and to promote people prioritizing and showing up for themselves. This all ultimately leads to weight loss.


However, many question, how does this program work? How can I be losing weight when I am eating more than I ever have? I have always been taught to count macros and/or calories.


These are all great questions and points, so let’s dive into this deeper!